A new instrument that adds the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement to the list of exemptions for Labour Market Testing
Section 140GBA of the Migration Act 1958 (Cth) (the Act) reads as follows (underlining added):
Section 140GBA Labour market testing—condition
(1) This section applies to a nomination by a person, under section 140GB, if:
(a) the person is, or has applied to be, in a class of approved sponsors prescribed by the regulations; and
(b) the person nominates:
(i) a proposed occupation for the purposes of paragraph 140GB(1)(b); and
(ii) a particular position, associated with the nominated occupation, that is to be filled by a visa holder, or applicant or proposed applicant for a visa, identified in the nomination; and
(c) it would not be inconsistent with any international trade obligation of Australia determined under subsection (2) to require the person to satisfy the labour market testing condition in this section, in relation to the nominated position.
(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), the Minister may, by legislative instrument, determine (as an international trade obligation of Australia) an obligation of Australia under international law that relates to international trade, including such an obligation that arises under any agreement between Australia and another country, or other countries.
Labour market testing condition
(3) The labour market testing condition is satisfied if:
(a) the Minister is satisfied that the person has undertaken labour market testing in relation to the nominated position within a period determined under subsection (4) in relation to the nominated occupation; and …
The new Migration (LIN 18/183: Determination of International Trade Obligations Relating to Labour Market Testing) Instrument 2018 repeals legislative instrument IMMI 17/109 made under s 140GBA(2) of the Act.
The new instrument commences immediately following the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Customs Amendment (Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership Implementation) Act 2018, which in turn commences the day the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans‑Pacific Partnership (Agreement), done at Santiago, Chile on 8 March 2018, enters into force for Australia.
The Agreement is in turn expected to commence on 30 December 2018, which means that the new instrument is expected to commence on that same day.
LIN 18/183 adds the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership to the list of exemptions for Labour Market Testing under s 140GBA(1)(c). The explanatory statement to LIN 18/183 contains the following passage
3. The instrument operates to determine international trade obligations of Australia for the purposes of paragraph 140GBA(1)(c) of the Act. Paragraph 140GBA(1)(c) provides, in effect, that the labour market testing condition in section 140GBA does not apply to a nomination by an approved sponsor if it would be inconsistent with any international trade obligation of Australia determined in the instrument to require the sponsor to satisfy conditions relating to labour market testing, as defined in subsection 140GBA(7). Subsection 140GBA(2) allows the Minister to determine, by legislative instrument, an obligation of Australia under international law that relates to international trade. An obligation determined by the Minister by legislative instrument includes obligations that may arise under any agreement between Australia and another country (or other countries).
4. The purpose of the instrument is to give domestic effect to Australia’s obligations under international trade agreements, to which it is a party, for the purposes of labour market testing.The instrument differs from the previous instrument IMMI 17/109 as it includes the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP-11). The TPP-11 includes obligations of Australia under international law that relate to international trade concerning labour market testing for relevant persons where that persons’ country is firstly, a party to the agreement and who secondly, have ratified the TPP-11 into their domestic legislation. Once ratification has occurred in a signatory country, Australia’s obligation under the TPP-11 to that country arises. The requirement for labour market testing under section 140GBA would then be inconsistent with Australia’s obligations under TPP-11.
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