Protection visa: qualitative vs quantitative approach

Federal Court: Section 91R of the Migration Act 1958 (Cth), which is now repealed but still operative in some legacy cases, qualified some aspects of Article 1A(2) of the Refugees Convention. In WZAPN, the High Court held that "whether a risk to loss of liberty constitutes 'serious harm' for the purposes of s 91R(1)(b) requires a qualitative judgment". Here, the AAT found that an isolated abduction incident did not constitute a real chance of serious harm. Was that a non-qualitative finding, which thus misinterpreted s 91R?

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